Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 1319–1333

Eye Tracking Reveals Impaired Attentional Disengagement Associated with Sensory Response Patterns in Children with Autism

  • Maura Sabatos-DeVito
  • Sarah E. Schipul
  • John C. Bulluck
  • Aysenil Belger
  • Grace T. Baranek
Original Paper

Abstract

This study used a gap-overlap paradigm to examine the impact of distractor salience and temporal overlap on the ability to disengage and orient attention in 50 children (4–13 years) with ASD, DD and TD, and associations between attention and sensory response patterns. Results revealed impaired disengagement and orienting accuracy in ASD. Disengagement was impaired across all groups during temporal overlap for dynamic stimuli compared to static, but only ASD showed slower disengagement from multimodal relative to unimodal dynamic stimuli. Attentional disengagement had differential associations with distinct sensory response patterns in ASD and DD. Atypical sensory processing and temporal binding appear to be intertwined with development of disengagement in ASD, but longitudinal studies are needed to unravel causal pathways.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Sensory processing Eye-tracking Attention Multisensory integration Hypo-/hyper-responsiveness 

Supplementary material

10803_2015_2681_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (62 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 62 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maura Sabatos-DeVito
    • 1
    • 6
  • Sarah E. Schipul
    • 2
    • 3
  • John C. Bulluck
    • 4
  • Aysenil Belger
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Grace T. Baranek
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Carolina Institute for Developmental DisabilitiesUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Department of Allied Health SciencesUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  5. 5.Duke-UNC Brain Imaging and Analysis CenterDurhamUSA
  6. 6.Duke Center for Autism and Brain Development, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

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