Participation in Daily Activities of Young Adults with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder
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Young adults with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) struggle to assume adult roles. This research assessed the feasibility of using the Adolescent and Young Adult Activity Card Sort (AYA-ACS) with emerging adults with high functioning ASD. Two phases were utilized during this research: (1) comparing the activity participation reported by emerging adults with an ASD and that reported by their caring adult; (2) examining the barriers to participation reported. Preliminary results demonstrate that the AYA-ACS appears to be a reliable and valid method of identifying emerging adults’ participation strengths as well as personal and environmental challenges in a variety of age-appropriate activities. The AYA-ACS could assist service providers by providing an understanding of the challenges to participation faced by this population and aid in developing client centered interventions.
KeywordsAutism spectrum disorder Participation Activity card sort Young adults Emerging adults Engagement Activity involvement Transition age
This research was supported by Washington University’s Program in Occupational Therapy Grant 93160. We thank all of the participants, as well as the community agencies and Dr. Constantino for assistance with recruitment.
Dr. McCollum aided in designing the study, completed interviews and data collection, data input, conducted the statistical analysis, analyzed the data, wrote the initial draft of the paper, and participated in revising the manuscript and addressing the reviewers’ comments. Dr. Berg aided in designing the study, assisted with manuscript development, provided guidance and assistance on statistical analysis, assisted with data analysis, and participated in revising the manuscript and addressing the reviewers’ comments. Dr. LaVesser aided in designing the study, assisted with manuscript development, and participated in revising the manuscript and addressing the reviewers comments.
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