Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 45, Issue 10, pp 3364–3369

Brief Report: Vocational Outcomes for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders at Six Months After Virtual Reality Job Interview Training

  • Matthew J. Smith
  • Michael F. Fleming
  • Michael A. Wright
  • Molly Losh
  • Laura Boteler Humm
  • Dale Olsen
  • Morris D. Bell
Brief Report

Abstract

Young adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have low employment rates and job interviewing presents a critical barrier to employment for them. Results from a prior randomized controlled efficacy trial suggested virtual reality job interview training (VR-JIT) improved interviewing skills among trainees with ASD, but not controls with ASD. We conducted a brief survey with 23 of 26 participants from this study to evaluate their vocational outcomes at 6-month follow-up with a focus on whether or not they attained a competitive position (employment or competitive volunteering). Logistic regression indicated VR-JIT trainees had greater odds of attaining a competitive position than controls (OR 7.82, p < 0.05). Initial evidence suggests VR-JIT is a promising intervention that enhances vocational outcomes among young adults with high-functioning ASD.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Virtual reality training Vocational outcomes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew J. Smith
    • 1
  • Michael F. Fleming
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael A. Wright
    • 1
  • Molly Losh
    • 1
    • 3
  • Laura Boteler Humm
    • 4
  • Dale Olsen
    • 4
  • Morris D. Bell
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Family MedicineNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  3. 3.School of CommunicationNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  4. 4.SIMmersion LLCColumbiaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry, Department of Veteran AffairsYale School of MedicineWest HavenUSA

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