Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 1368–1379 | Cite as

The Effect of Inversion on Face Recognition in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Darren HedleyEmail author
  • Neil Brewer
  • Robyn Young
Original Paper


Face identity recognition has widely been shown to be impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In this study we examined the influence of inversion on face recognition in 26 adults with ASD and 33 age and IQ matched controls. Participants completed a recognition test comprising upright and inverted faces. Participants with ASD performed worse than controls on the recognition task but did not show an advantage for inverted face recognition. Both groups directed more visual attention to the eye than the mouth region and gaze patterns were not found to be associated with recognition performance. These results provide evidence of a normal effect of inversion on face recognition in adults with ASD.


Autism spectrum disorders Eye tracking Face inversion effect Face perception Face processing Face recognition 



This research was supported by (a) Australian Research Council (ARC) LE0882562 to Neil Brewer, Robyn Young et al., and ARC DP1093210 to Neil Brewer et al., (b) a Flinders University Research Grant to Robyn Young and Neil Brewer, and (c) a Flinders University Research Scholarship (FURS) to Darren Hedley. Portions of the research in this paper use the Computer Vision Laboratory (CVL) Face Database, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia (Peer 2011; Solina et al. 2003).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Flinders UniversityAdelaideSouth Australia
  2. 2.Department of Communication Sciences and DisordersEmerson CollegeBostonUSA

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