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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 1001–1012 | Cite as

Adaptive Profiles in Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders

  • Susana Mouga
  • Joana Almeida
  • Cátia Café
  • Frederico Duque
  • Guiomar Oliveira
Original Paper

Abstract

We investigated the influence of specific autism spectrum disorder (ASD) deficits in learning adaptive behaviour, besides intelligence quotient (IQ). Participated 217 school-aged: ASD (N = 115), and other neurodevelopmental disorders (OND) groups (N = 102) matched by Full-Scale IQ. We compared standard scores of Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale (VABS) in communication, daily living skills, socialization and adaptive behaviour composite. Pearson-correlation analysis was performed between each domain of VABS and Full-Scale, Verbal and Performance IQ, and chronological age (CA). Results indicated that impairment in adaptive behaviour within the domain of socialization skills remains a distinctive factor of ASD versus OND, independently of intellectual disability (ID). Co-occurring ID result in further debilitating effects on overall functioning, especially in ASD. CA is negatively associated with VABS scores.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Neurodevelopmental disorders Adaptive behaviour Functional profile Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale 

Abbreviations

AB

Adaptive behaviour

ABC

Adaptive behaviour composite

ADI-R

Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised

ADOS

Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule

ASD

Autism spectrum disorder

ASD_ID

ASD with ID

ASD_NID

ASD with no ID

CA

Chronological age

COM

Communication

DLS

Daily living skills

DSM-5

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fifth edition

F

Female

FSIQ

Full-scale intelligence quotient

ID

Intellectual disability

IQ

Intelligence quotient

M

Male

OND

Other neurodevelopmental disorders

OND_ID

OND with ID

OND_NID

OND with no ID

PIQ

Performance intelligence quotient

SD

Standard deviation

SOC

Socialization

SS

Standard scores

VABS

Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale

VIQ

Verbal intelligence quotient

Notes

Conflict of interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susana Mouga
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joana Almeida
    • 2
  • Cátia Café
    • 2
  • Frederico Duque
    • 2
    • 3
  • Guiomar Oliveira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Life SciencesUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Unidade de Neurodesenvolvimento e Autismo do Serviço do Centro de Desenvolvimento da Criança, Pediatric HospitalCentro Hospitalar e Universitário de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  3. 3.University Clinic of Pediatrics, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  4. 4.Centro de Investigação e Formação Clínica, Pediatric HospitalCentro Hospitalar e Universitário de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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