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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 11, pp 2797–2808 | Cite as

Language Impairment and Early Social Competence in Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comparison of DSM-5 Profiles

  • T. A. BennettEmail author
  • P. Szatmari
  • K. Georgiades
  • S. Hanna
  • M. Janus
  • S. Georgiades
  • E. Duku
  • S. Bryson
  • E. Fombonne
  • I. M. Smith
  • P. Mirenda
  • J. Volden
  • C. Waddell
  • W. Roberts
  • T. Vaillancourt
  • L. Zwaigenbaum
  • M. Elsabbagh
  • A. Thompson
  • The Pathways in ASD Study Team
Original Paper

Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and structural language impairment (LI) may be at risk of more adverse social-developmental outcomes. We examined trajectories of early social competence (using the Vineland-II) in 330 children aged 2–4 years recently diagnosed with ASD, and compared 3 subgroups classified by: language impairment (ASD/LI); intellectual disability (ASD/ID) and ASD without LI or ID (ASD/alone). Children with ASD/LI were significantly more socially impaired at baseline than the ASD/alone subgroup, and less impaired than those with ASD/ID. Growth in social competence was significantly slower for the ASD/ID group. Many preschool-aged children with ASD/LI at time of diagnosis resembled “late talkers” who appeared to catch up linguistically. Children with ASD/ID were more severely impaired and continued to lag further behind.

Keywords

Social competence Language impairment DSM-5 Autism spectrum disorders Longitudinal epidemiology 

Supplementary material

10803_2014_2138_MOESM1_ESM.doc (55 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 55 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. A. Bennett
    • 1
    • 11
    Email author
  • P. Szatmari
    • 2
  • K. Georgiades
    • 1
  • S. Hanna
    • 3
  • M. Janus
    • 1
  • S. Georgiades
    • 1
  • E. Duku
    • 1
  • S. Bryson
    • 4
  • E. Fombonne
    • 5
  • I. M. Smith
    • 4
  • P. Mirenda
    • 6
  • J. Volden
    • 7
  • C. Waddell
    • 8
  • W. Roberts
    • 2
  • T. Vaillancourt
    • 9
  • L. Zwaigenbaum
    • 7
  • M. Elsabbagh
    • 10
  • A. Thompson
    • 1
  • The Pathways in ASD Study Team
  1. 1.Offord Centre for Child StudiesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  4. 4.Dalhousie University/IWK Health CentreHalifaxCanada
  5. 5.Oregon Health and Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  6. 6.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  7. 7.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  8. 8.Simon Fraser UniversityVancouverCanada
  9. 9.University of OttawaOttawaCanada
  10. 10.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  11. 11.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, Offord Centre for Child Studies, Chedoke SiteMcMaster Children’s HospitalHamiltonCanada

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