Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 11, pp 2769–2777

A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparison Between Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) and Structured Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Intervention for Children with Autism

  • Fereshteh Mohammadzaheri
  • Lynn Kern Koegel
  • Mohammad Rezaee
  • Seyed Majid Rafiee
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-014-2137-3

Cite this article as:
Mohammadzaheri, F., Koegel, L.K., Rezaee, M. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2014) 44: 2769. doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2137-3

Abstract

Accumulating studies are documenting specific motivational variables that, when combined into a naturalistic teaching paradigm, can positively influence the effectiveness of interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of this study was to compare two applied behavior analysis (ABA) intervention procedures, a naturalistic approach, pivotal response treatment (PRT) with a structured ABA approach in a school setting. A randomized clinical trial design using two groups of children, matched according to age, sex and mean length of utterance was used to compare the interventions. The data showed that the PRT approach was significantly more effective in improving targeted and untargeted areas after 3 months of intervention. The results are discussed in terms of variables that produce more rapid improvements in communication for children with ASD.

Keywords

Pragmatic skills Naturalistic approach Analog approach Autism Pivotal response treatment ABA 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fereshteh Mohammadzaheri
    • 1
  • Lynn Kern Koegel
    • 2
  • Mohammad Rezaee
    • 1
  • Seyed Majid Rafiee
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences and Health ServicesHamadanIran
  2. 2.CCS Psychology Department, Koegel Autism CenterUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Cognitive Science StudiesTehranIran

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