Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 2614–2620

Brief Report: Emotion Regulation and Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia in Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Lisa Guy
  • Margaret Souders
  • Lauren Bradstreet
  • Christine DeLussey
  • John D. Herrington
Brief Report

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-014-2124-8

Cite this article as:
Guy, L., Souders, M., Bradstreet, L. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2014) 44: 2614. doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2124-8

Abstract

Emotion regulation (ER) may be an important transdiagnostic factor for understanding mental and behavioral health given its association with several psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is limited research on ER in ASD, particularly using biomarkers such as respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The aim of the current study was to examine RSA among school-aged children with ASD in relation to symptoms of anxiety, executive functioning, and adaptive socialization skills. Results showed decreased RSA in children with ASD (relative to typically developing controls), reflecting decreased parasympathetic nervous system activity. In addition, decreased RSA was associated with increased symptoms of anxiety and lower socialization skills. These findings emphasize the need for interventions targeting emotional and arousal regulation in ASD.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Anxiety Emotion regulation Respiratory sinus arrhythmia 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa Guy
    • 1
  • Margaret Souders
    • 2
    • 1
  • Lauren Bradstreet
    • 1
    • 4
  • Christine DeLussey
    • 1
  • John D. Herrington
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Autism ResearchThe Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.School of NursingUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Child Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Perelman School of MedicineUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

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