Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 31–41 | Cite as

Beyond Modularisation: The Need of a Socio-Neuro-Constructionist Model of Autism

Original Paper

Abstract

Autism is a developmental disorder defined by social and communication impairments. Current theoretical approaches and research studies however conceptualise autism as both static and independent from the social context in which it develops. Two lines of research stand out from this general trend. First, research from the neuroconstructivist approach of Karmiloff-Smith (Hum Brain Mapp 31:934–941, 2010) aims to establish developmental trajectories of cognitive impairments in autism over time. Second, studies from intersubjective approaches such as that of Hobson (The cradle of thought, Macmillan, London, 2002) focus on the influence of emotional engagement in cognitive impairments. Although these two lines of research have made an invaluable contribution towards our understanding of autism, both offer only partial explanations: Intersubjective approaches fail to provide a developmental perspective and the neuroconstructivist model neglects the role of the social context. This paper argues that the nature of autism demands the theoretical and methodological integration of these two approaches so that developmental and social aspects are investigated in tandem.

Keywords

Autism Neuro-contructivism Developmental trajectories Engagement Intersubjectivity 

Abbreviations

ToM

Theory of mind

EF

Executive function

WCC

Weak central coherence

RRBs

Repetitive and restricted behaviours

RSMBs

Repetitive sensory motor behaviours

IS

Insistence of sameness

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PortsmouthPortsmouthUK

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