Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1087–1094 | Cite as

Hospitalizations of Children with Autism Increased from 1999 to 2009

  • Aaron M. NayfackEmail author
  • Lynne C. Huffman
  • Heidi M. Feldman
  • Jia Chan
  • Olga Saynina
  • Paul H. Wise
Original Paper


We performed a retrospective analysis of hospital discharges for children with autism, in comparison to children with cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, mental retardation/intellectual disability, and the general population. Hospitalizations for autism increased nearly threefold over 10 years, especially at the oldest ages, while hospitalizations for the other groups did not change. Leading discharge diagnoses for each age group in children with autism included mental health and nervous system disorders. Older age, Caucasian ethnicity, and living in a region with a high number of pediatric beds predicted hospitalizations associated with mental health diagnoses. These findings underscore the need for comprehensive clinical services that address the complex needs of children with autism to prevent costly hospitalizations.


Autism Mental health Hospitalization Adolescence 



This work was supported by a grant from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron M. Nayfack
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Lynne C. Huffman
    • 1
    • 3
  • Heidi M. Feldman
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jia Chan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Olga Saynina
    • 1
    • 3
  • Paul H. Wise
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  2. 2.San JoseUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsSanta Clara Valley Medical CenterSan JoseUSA

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