Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 90–110 | Cite as

Review of Factor Analytic Studies Examining Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Jill Shuster
  • Adrienne Perry
  • James Bebko
  • Maggie E. Toplak
Original Paper

Abstract

Factor analytic studies have been conducted to examine the inter-relationships and degree of overlap among symptoms in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This paper reviewed 36 factor analytic studies that have examined ASD symptoms, using 13 different instruments. Studies were grouped into three categories: Studies with all DSM-IV symptoms, studies with a subset of DSM-IV symptoms, and studies with symptoms that were not specifically based on the DSM-IV. There was consistent support for a common social/communication domain that is distinct from a restricted and repetitive behaviours and interests domain. Implications for symptom conceptualization and diagnosis in ASD are discussed.

Keywords

Autism Symptoms structure Factor analysis Review 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jill Shuster
    • 1
  • Adrienne Perry
    • 2
  • James Bebko
    • 2
  • Maggie E. Toplak
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.LaMarsh Centre for Child and Youth ResearchYork UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.York UniversityTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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