Preliminary Findings of a Telehealth Approach to Parent Training in Autism
- 2.6k Downloads
Telehealth or online communication technologies may lessen the gap between intervention requirements for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and the available resources to provide these services. This study used a video conferencing and self-guided website to provide parent training in the homes of children with ASD. The first eight families to complete the 12-week online intervention and three-month follow up period served as pilot data. Parents’ intervention skills and engagement with the website, as well as children’s verbal language and joint attention skills were assessed. Preliminary research suggests telehealth may support parental learning and improve child behaviors for some families. This initial assessment of new technologies for making parent training resources available to families with ASD merits further, in-depth study.
KeywordsTelehealth Computers/internet Parent training Autism spectrum disorder
This research was funded by Organization of Autism Research awarded to Laurie A. Vismara. We wish to gratefully acknowledge the children and families who participated in this study. Laurie A. Vismara is an author of the parent curriculum used in this study and receives royalties from the sale of this book.
- Baggett, K. M., Davis, B., Feil, E. G., Sheeber, L. L., Landry, S. H., Carta, J. J., et al. (2010). Technologies for expanding the reach of evidence-based interventions: Preliminary results for promoting social-emotional development in early childhood. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 29, 226–238.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders—Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, United states, 2008. MMWR Surveillance Summary, 61, 1–44.Google Scholar
- Fenson, L., Marchman, V. A., Thal, D., Dale, P. S., Bates, E., & Reznick, J. S. (2007). The MacArthur-Bates communicative development inventories: Level III: User’s guide and technical manual (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Co.Google Scholar
- Hamad, C. D., Serna, R. W., Morrison, L., & Fleming, R. (2010). Extending the reach of early intervention training for practitioners: A preliminary investigation of an online curriculum for teaching behavioral intervention knowledge in autism to families and service providers. Infants and Young Children, 23, 195–208.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hanft, B. E., Rush, D. D., & Shelden, M. L. (2004). Coaching families and colleagues in early childhood. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.Google Scholar
- Hersen, M., & Barlow, D. H. (1976). Single case experimental designs: Strategies for studying behavior change. New York, NY: Pergamon.Google Scholar
- Jang, J., Dixon, D. R., Tarbox, J., Granpeesheh, D., Kornack, J., & de Nocker, Y. (2012). Randomized trial of an eLearning program for training family members of children with autism in the principles and procedures of applied behavior analysis. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 852–856.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2002). Autism diagnostic observation schedule: The manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
- Rogers, S. J., & Dawson, G. (2010). The early start Denver Model for young children with autism: Promoting language, learning, and engagement (p. 2010). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Rogers, S. J., Dawson, G., & Vismara, L. A. (unpublished). The P-ESDM fidelity tool. University of California, Davis, MIND Institute.Google Scholar
- Rogers, S. J., Dawson, G., & Vismara, L. A. (2012a). An early start for your child with autism: Using everyday activities to help kids connect, communicate, and learn. Proven methods based on the breakthrough Early Start Denver Model. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Rogers, S. J., Estes, A., Lord, C., Vismara, L. A., Winter, J., Fitzpatrick, A., et al. (2012b). Effects of a brief ESDM-based parent intervention on toddlers at risk for ASD: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 1052–1065.Google Scholar
- Rush, D. D., & Shelden, M. L. (2005). Characteristics and consequences of coaching practices. CASEmakers, 1, 1–3.Google Scholar
- Rush, D. D., & Shelden, M. L. (2011). The early childhood coaching handbook. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
- United States Census Bureau. (2009). Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2009.Google Scholar
- Vismara, L.A., Young, G.S., & Rogers, S. J. (2012). Telehealth for expanding the reach of early autism training to parents. Autism Research and Treatment. doi: 10.1155/2012/121878.