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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 43, Issue 12, pp 2891–2902 | Cite as

Multisensory Speech Perception in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Tiffany G. WoynaroskiEmail author
  • Leslie D. Kwakye
  • Jennifer H. Foss-Feig
  • Ryan A. Stevenson
  • Wendy L. Stone
  • Mark T. Wallace
Original Paper

Abstract

This study examined unisensory and multisensory speech perception in 8–17 year old children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and typically developing controls matched on chronological age, sex, and IQ. Consonant–vowel syllables were presented in visual only, auditory only, matched audiovisual, and mismatched audiovisual (“McGurk”) conditions. Participants with ASD displayed deficits in visual only and matched audiovisual speech perception. Additionally, children with ASD reported a visual influence on heard speech in response to mismatched audiovisual syllables over a wider window of time relative to controls. Correlational analyses revealed associations between multisensory speech perception, communicative characteristics, and responses to sensory stimuli in ASD. Results suggest atypical speech perception is linked to broader behavioral characteristics of ASD.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorders Speech perception Multisensory integration Auditory Visual McGurk effect Sensory Communication 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tiffany G. Woynaroski
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leslie D. Kwakye
    • 2
  • Jennifer H. Foss-Feig
    • 3
  • Ryan A. Stevenson
    • 5
  • Wendy L. Stone
    • 4
  • Mark T. Wallace
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Hearing and Speech SciencesVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Neuroscience DepartmentOberlin CollegeOberlinUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychology and Human DevelopmentVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychology and UW Autism CenterUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  5. 5.Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Psychology and Psychiatry, Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, Vanderbilt Brain InstituteVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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