Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 43, Issue 8, pp 1857–1866 | Cite as

Enhanced Access to Early Visual Processing of Perceptual Simultaneity in Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Christine M. Falter
  • Sven Braeutigam
  • Roger Nathan
  • Sarah Carrington
  • Anthony J. Bailey
Original Paper

Abstract

We compared judgements of the simultaneity or asynchrony of visual stimuli in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and typically-developing controls using Magnetoencephalography (MEG). Two vertical bars were presented simultaneously or non-simultaneously with two different stimulus onset delays. Participants with ASD distinguished significantly better between real simultaneity (0 ms delay between two stimuli) and apparent simultaneity (17 ms delay between two stimuli) than controls. In line with the increased sensitivity, event-related MEG activity showed increased differential responses for simultaneity versus apparent simultaneity. The strongest evoked potentials, observed over occipital cortices at about 130 ms, were correlated with performance differences in the ASD group only. Superior access to early visual brain processes in ASD might underlie increased resolution of visual events in perception.

Keywords

High-functioning autism Asperger syndrome Event timing Visual simultaneity Magnetoencephalography 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine M. Falter
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sven Braeutigam
    • 3
  • Roger Nathan
    • 2
  • Sarah Carrington
    • 4
  • Anthony J. Bailey
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Developmental NeuropsychologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  3. 3.Oxford Centre for Human Brain Activity (OHBA)University of OxfordOxfordUK
  4. 4.Wales Autism Research Centre, School of PsychologyCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  5. 5.UBC Institute of Mental HealthUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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