Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 43, Issue 7, pp 1539–1546 | Cite as

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Participation Among College Students with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Xin Wei
  • Jennifer W. Yu
  • Paul Shattuck
  • Mary McCracken
  • Jose Blackorby
Original Paper

Abstract

Little research has examined the popular belief that individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely than the general population to gravitate toward science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. This study analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2, a nationally representative sample of students with an ASD in special education. Findings suggest that students with an ASD had the highest STEM participation rates although their college enrollment rate was the third lowest among 11 disability categories and students in the general population. Disproportionate postsecondary enrollment and STEM participation by gender, family income, and mental functioning skills were found for young adults with an ASD. Educational policy implications are discussed.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Postsecondary enrollment College major Young adult Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Grant HRD-1130088 from the National Science Foundation, Grant R324A120012 from the U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, Autism Speaks, and Grant R01 MH086489 from the National Institute of Mental Health. However, any opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent the positions or polices of the funding agencies.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Wei
    • 1
  • Jennifer W. Yu
    • 1
  • Paul Shattuck
    • 2
  • Mary McCracken
    • 1
  • Jose Blackorby
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Education and Human ServicesSRI InternationalMenlo ParkUSA
  2. 2.Washington UniversitySt LouisUSA

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