Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 1314–1325 | Cite as

Psychiatric Comorbidity and Functioning in a Clinically Referred Population of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comparative Study

  • Gagan Joshi
  • Janet Wozniak
  • Carter Petty
  • Mary Kate Martelon
  • Ronna Fried
  • Anela Bolfek
  • Amelia Kotte
  • Jonathan Stevens
  • Stephannie L. Furtak
  • Michelle Bourgeois
  • Janet Caruso
  • Ashley Caron
  • Joseph Biederman
Original Paper

Abstract

To systematically examine the patterns of psychiatric comorbidity and functioning in clinically referred adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Psychiatrically referred adults with and without ASD were compared on measures assessing for psychiatric comorbidity and psychosocial functioning. Sixty-three adults with ASD participated in the study (mean age: 29 ± 11 years). Adults with ASD in their lifetime suffered from a higher burden of psychiatric disorders (6 ± 3.4 vs. 3.5 ± 2.7; p < 0.001) including major depressive disorder and multiple anxiety disorders, and were functionally more impaired with a significant proportion having received both counseling and pharmacotherapy. Adults with ASD have high levels of psychiatric comorbidity and dysfunction comparable to a clinically referred population of adults without ASD.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorders Psychiatric comorbidity Adults 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been funded in part by the Alan and Lorraine Bressler Clinical and Research Program for Autism Spectrum Disorders and the Norma Fine Pediatric Psychopharmacology Fellowship Fund.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gagan Joshi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Janet Wozniak
    • 1
    • 2
  • Carter Petty
    • 1
    • 4
  • Mary Kate Martelon
    • 1
  • Ronna Fried
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anela Bolfek
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amelia Kotte
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jonathan Stevens
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Stephannie L. Furtak
    • 1
  • Michelle Bourgeois
    • 1
  • Janet Caruso
    • 1
  • Ashley Caron
    • 1
  • Joseph Biederman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical and Research Program in Pediatric PsychopharmacologyMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Child PsychiatryNorth Shore Medical CenterSalemUSA
  4. 4.Boston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA

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