Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 42, Issue 11, pp 2410–2419

Use of Audio Cuing to Expand Employment Opportunities for Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Intellectual Disabilities

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-012-1519-7

Cite this article as:
Allen, K.D., Burke, R.V., Howard, M.R. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2012) 42: 2410. doi:10.1007/s10803-012-1519-7


We evaluated audio cuing to facilitate community employment of individuals with autism and intellectual disability. The job required promoting products in retail stores by wearing an air-inflated WalkAround® costume of a popular commercial character. Three adolescents, ages 16–18, were initially trained with video modeling. Audio cuing was then used by an attendant who delivered prompts regarding when to perform job skills. The two interventions were evaluated in an interrupted time series withdrawal design during training and then again in an actual job setting. Results show video modeling was not effective. However, the audio cuing produced job performances well above the designated criteria during training and when on the job. These changes were replicated with each participant, demonstrating clear experimental control. The changes proved statistically significant as well. Participants and parents reported high job satisfaction. The challenges of competitive employment for individuals with autism and intellectual disabilities are discussed.


Autism Intellectual disability Employment Job skills Audio cuing 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Munroe Meyer Institute for Genetics and Rehabilitation985450 University of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.The Prevention Group, LLCOmahaUSA
  3. 3.University of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  4. 4.University of Missouri-Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  5. 5.Signs & Shapes International, Inc.OmahaUSA

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