Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 42, Issue 10, pp 2192–2201 | Cite as

An Examination of Handedness and Footedness in Children with High Functioning Autism and Asperger Syndrome

  • R. Markoulakis
  • S. M. Scharoun
  • P. J. Bryden
  • P. C. Fletcher
Original Paper


Motor control deficits have been documented in children with high functioning autism and Asperger syndrome (HFA/AS), but the extent to which these disorders affect the children’s footedness must be delineated. Twelve typically developing (TD) children and 12 children with HFA/AS, ages 6–9 years, were recruited. Motor control skills were assessed through a variety of footedness tasks to determine location and nature of impairment, regarding motor dominance. Overall, greater inconsistencies in dominance arose in children with HFA/AS, through disparities in measures of preference. Results will have broader implications for understanding motor impairments in children with HFA/AS as determined by comparing performance on footedness tasks, as well as for the design of interventions to account for these deficits.


Motor control Footedness High functioning autism Asperger’s syndrome 



The authors would like to acknowledge the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) discovery grant for funding this project. This paper was prepared from a Master’s thesis.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Markoulakis
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. M. Scharoun
    • 1
  • P. J. Bryden
    • 1
  • P. C. Fletcher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Kinesiology and Physical EducationWilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada
  2. 2.Graduate Department of Rehabilitation ScienceUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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