Autism Parenting Stress Index: Initial Psychometric Evidence
- 2.4k Downloads
Data validating the Autism Parenting Stress Index (APSI) is presented for 274 children under age six. Cronbach’s alpha was .827. As a measure of parenting stress specific to core and co-morbid symptoms of autism, the APSI is unique. It is intended for use by clinicians to identify areas where parents need support with parenting skills, and to assess the effect of intervention on parenting stress. Mean parenting stress in the autism group was four times that of the typical group and double that of the other developmental delay group [F(2,272) = 153; p < 001]. An exploratory factor analysis suggested three factors impacting parenting stress: one relating to core deficits, one to co-morbid behavioral symptoms, and one to co-morbid physical symptoms.
KeywordsAutism Parenting stress Validation study Assessment tool
The authors wish to gratefully acknowledge the families and early intervention programs that participated in our research. In addition, we wish to thank the Curry Stone Foundation and Northwest Health Foundation whose generous support made this research possible. Finally, we would like to thank Sharon Kadell, Nancy Ganson and Kristen Gabrielsen for their assistance with data collection and project management.
- Diggle, T., McConachie, H. R., & Randle, V. R. (2003). Parent-mediated early intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorder. Cochrane Reviews, (1):CD003496.Google Scholar
- Oster, H., Morales, L., Andersen, R., Wold, C., Simon, P., & Gelberg, L. (2002). The Aggravation in Parenting Scale: Language application issues among Spanish speaking Latino families living in Los Angeles County. Academy for Health Services Research and Health Policy. Meeting. 19:17.Google Scholar
- Silva, L. M. T., Schalock, M. & Gabrielsen (in press). The QST home program: RCT of a parent-delivered treatment for autism. American Journal of Occupational Therapy.Google Scholar
- Silva, L. M. T. & Schalock, M. (in press). Sensory and self-regulation checklist: Initial psychometric evidence and findings. American Journal of Occupational Therapy.Google Scholar
- Silva, L. M. T., Schalock, M., & Ayres, R. (in press). A model and treatment for autism at the convergence of Chinese medicine and Western science: First 130 cases. Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine.Google Scholar