Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 278–293

The Effects of Face Expertise Training on the Behavioral Performance and Brain Activity of Adults with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Susan Faja
  • Sara Jane Webb
  • Emily Jones
  • Kristen Merkle
  • Dana Kamara
  • Joshua Bavaro
  • Elizabeth Aylward
  • Geraldine Dawson
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-011-1243-8

Cite this article as:
Faja, S., Webb, S.J., Jones, E. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2012) 42: 278. doi:10.1007/s10803-011-1243-8

Abstract

The effect of expertise training with faces was studied in adults with ASD who showed initial impairment in face recognition. Participants were randomly assigned to a computerized training program involving either faces or houses. Pre- and post-testing included standardized and experimental measures of behavior and event-related brain potentials (ERPs), as well as interviews after training. After training, all participants met behavioral criteria for expertise with the specific stimuli on which they received training. Scores on standardized measures improved after training for both groups, but only the face training group showed an increased face inversion effect behaviorally and electrophysiological changes to faces in the P100 component. These findings suggest that individuals with ASD can gain expertise in face processing through training.

Keywords

ASD Face processing Training Intervention ERPs N170 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Faja
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sara Jane Webb
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Emily Jones
    • 1
    • 4
  • Kristen Merkle
    • 1
    • 5
  • Dana Kamara
    • 2
    • 4
  • Joshua Bavaro
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Aylward
    • 1
    • 4
    • 6
  • Geraldine Dawson
    • 1
    • 2
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral SciencesUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  3. 3.The Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Seattle Children’s Hospital Research InstituteSeattleUSA
  5. 5.Institute of Imaging ScienceVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  6. 6.Department of RadiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  7. 7.Autism SpeaksNew YorkUSA
  8. 8.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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