Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 301–306 | Cite as

Brief Report: Female-To-Male Transsexual People and Autistic Traits

  • Rebecca M. Jones
  • Sally Wheelwright
  • Krista Farrell
  • Emma Martin
  • Richard Green
  • Domenico Di Ceglie
  • Simon Baron-Cohen
Brief Report

Abstract

The ‘extreme male brain’ theory suggests females with Autism Spectrum Conditions are hyper-masculinized in certain aspects of behavior. We predicted that females with Gender Identity Disorder (who are masculinized) would have elevated Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) scores. AQ scores from five groups were compared: (1) n = 61 transmen (female-to-male transsexual people); (2) n = 198 transwomen (male-to-female transsexual people); (3) n = 76 typical males; (4) n = 98 typical females; and (5) n = 125 individuals with Asperger Syndrome (AS). Transmen had a higher mean AQ than typical females, typical males and transwomen, but lower than individuals with AS. Transmen have more autistic traits and may have had difficulty socializing with female peers and thus found it easier to identify with male peer groups.

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Conditions Gender Identity Disorder Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) Co-occurrence 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca M. Jones
    • 1
    • 6
  • Sally Wheelwright
    • 1
  • Krista Farrell
    • 2
  • Emma Martin
    • 3
  • Richard Green
    • 4
  • Domenico Di Ceglie
    • 5
  • Simon Baron-Cohen
    • 1
  1. 1.Autism Research Centre, Psychiatry DepartmentCambridge UniversityCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Addenbrooke’s HospitalCambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation TrustCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Gender Identity Support and Research DivisionLima House GroupLittle DownhamUK
  4. 4.Imperial CollegeLondonUK
  5. 5.Gender Identity Development ServiceTavistock and Portman NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK
  6. 6.Department of NeuroscienceWeill Cornell Graduate School of Medical SciencesNew YorkUSA

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