Treatments for Autism: Parental Choices and Perceptions of Change
- 1.8k Downloads
Empirically conducted studies of the efficacy of various treatments for autism are limited, which leaves parents with little evidence on which to base their treatment decisions (Kasari, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32: 447–461, 2002). The purpose of this study was to examine the types of treatments in current use by families of children with ASD. In addition, parents’ perceptions of improvement in their child’s functioning were explored. Through an online survey, a sample of 970 parents of ASD children reported on the treatments currently in use, those discontinued, and reasons for discontinuation. Results indicate that most families adopt multiple treatment approaches. Parents were most likely to discontinue non-evidence based treatments when they did not see improvement in their child’s functioning.
KeywordsAutism Treatment Parent perception
- Fombonne, E. (2005). Epidemiological studies of pervasive developmental disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (pp. 42–69). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
- Lord, C., & Schopler, E. (1988). Intellectual and developmental assessment of autistic children from preschool to school age: Clinical implications of two follow-up studies. In G. Mesibov & E. Schopler (Eds.), Diagnosis and assessment in Autism (pp. 167–181). New York, NY: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
- Metz, B., Mulick, J. A., & Butter, E. M. (2005). Autism: A late-20th–century fad magnet. In J. W. Jacobson, R. M. Foxx, & J. A. Mulick (Eds.), Controversial therapies for developmental disabilities: Fad, fashion and science in professional practice (pp. 237–263). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- New York State Department of Health Early Intervention Program (1999). Clinical practice guidelines: Report of the recommendations on autism and pervasive developmental disorders. New York: State Department of Health. Retrieved March 23, 2005 from www.health.state.ny.us/nysdoh/eip/menu.htm.
- Tharp, B. (2003). Contributions of neurology. In S. Ozonoff, S. J. Rogers, & R. L. Hendren (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders: A research review for practioners (pp. 111–129). Washington, DC, USA: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.Google Scholar
- Tidmarsh, L., & Volkmar, F. R. (2003). Diagnosis and epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 48, 517–525. (electronic version).Google Scholar