Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 13–22 | Cite as

Functional Evaluation of Hidden Figures Object Analysis in Children with Autistic Disorder

  • Krisztina L. Malisza
  • Christine Clancy
  • Deborah Shiloff
  • Derek Foreman
  • Jeanette Holden
  • Cheryl Jones
  • K. Paulson
  • Randy Summers
  • C. T. Yu
  • Albert E. Chudley
Original Paper

Abstract

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during performance of a hidden figures task (HFT) was used to compare differences in brain function in children diagnosed with autism disorder (AD) compared to children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and typical controls (TC). Overall greater functional MRI activity was observed in the two control groups compared to children with AD. Laterality differences were also evident, with AD subjects preferentially showing activity in the right medial temporal region while controls tended to activate the left medial temporal cortex. Reduced fMRI activity was observed in the parietal, ventral-temporal and hippocampal regions in the AD group, suggesting differences in the way that children with AD process the HFT.

Keywords

Autism Disorder (AD) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Embedded Figures Task (EFT) Hidden Figures Task (HFT) Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) 

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Copyright information

© UKCrown: National Research Council of Canada, Institute for Biodiagnostics 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krisztina L. Malisza
    • 1
    • 2
  • Christine Clancy
    • 3
  • Deborah Shiloff
    • 1
  • Derek Foreman
    • 1
  • Jeanette Holden
    • 4
  • Cheryl Jones
    • 1
  • K. Paulson
    • 1
  • Randy Summers
    • 1
  • C. T. Yu
    • 5
  • Albert E. Chudley
    • 6
  1. 1.National Research CouncilInstitute for BiodiagnosticsWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Division of Rehabilitation PsychologyChildren’s Hospital and Regional Medical Center SeattleSeattleUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry & PhysiologyQueen’s University & Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Program OngwanadaKingstonCanada
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Manitoba & St. Amant Research CentreWinnipegCanada
  6. 6.Department of Pediatrics and Child HealthUniversity of Manitoba & Children’s HospitalWinnipegCanada

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