Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 209–217

Fundamental Movement Skills and Autism Spectrum Disorders

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-009-0854-9

Cite this article as:
Staples, K.L. & Reid, G. J Autism Dev Disord (2010) 40: 209. doi:10.1007/s10803-009-0854-9


Delays and deficits may both contribute to atypical development of movement skills by children with ASD. Fundamental movement skills of 25 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (ages 9–12 years) were compared to three typically developing groups using the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD-2). The group matched on chronological age performed significantly better on the TGMD-2. Another comparison group matched on movement skill demonstrated children with ASD perform similarly to children approximately half their age. Comparisons to a third group matched on mental age equivalence revealed the movement skills of children with ASD are more impaired than would be expected given their cognitive level. Collectively, these results suggest the movement skills of children with ASD reflect deficits in addition to delays.


Autism spectrum disorders Movement Development Gross motor 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Kinesiology and Physical EducationMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Faculty of Kinesiology and Health StudiesUniversity of ReginaReginaCanada

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