Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 in a Sample of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
- 1.3k Downloads
Validity studies of measures for emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) for use with preschool children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lacking. The Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 (CBCL; Achenbach and Rescorla, Manual for the ASEBA Preschool Forms & Profiles. VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families, Burlington, 2000), a widely used measure for EBD, contains several norm-referenced scales derived through factor analysis of data from the general pediatric population. In this study, confirmatory factor analysis of archival data evaluated the adequacy of the CBCL factor model in a well characterized sample of preschoolers with ASD (N = 128). Psychometric results supported the model and suggested that practitioners can use the CBCL to assess for EBD in young children with ASD in conjunction with other clinical data. This will increase the likelihood of accurate identification and EBD-specific intervention.
KeywordsCBCL Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 Autism spectrum disorder ASD Factor analysis Emotional and behavioral disorder
This study was supported in part by NIH grant U54MH066397 (STAART Center) and General Clinical Research Center grant 5 MO1RR0044, NIH, National Center for Research Resources. The authors thank Courtney McGuire for her assistance in developing the database for this study. The authors also thank Dr. Gerhard Mels for his technical support for some of the statistical analyses, and Dr. Thomas Achenbach for allowing us to reproduce data from the Manual for the ASEBA Preschool Forms & Profiles.
- Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2000). Manual for the ASEBA Preschool Forms & Profiles. Burlington: VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families.Google Scholar
- Byrne, B. M. (1998). Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Gilliam, J. E. (1995). Gilliam Autism Rating Scale. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.Google Scholar
- Hedges, L. V., & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Hollingshead, A. A. (1975). Four-factor index of social status. Unpublished manuscript, Yale University, New Haven, CT.Google Scholar
- Ivanova, M. Y., Achenbach, T. M., Rescorla, L. A., Dumenci, L., Almqvist, F., Bilenberg, N., et al. (2007b). The generalizability of the youth self report syndrome structure in 23 societies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75(5), 729–738. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.75.5.729.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Jöreskog, K., & Moustaki, I. (2006). Factor analysis of ordinal variables with full information maximum likelihood. http://www.ssicentral.com/lisrel/techdocs/orfiml.pdf.
- Jöreskog, K., & Sörbom, D. (2006). LISREL 8.80. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc.Google Scholar
- Klinger, L. G., Dawson, G., & Renner, P. (2003). Autistic disorder. In E.J. Mash & R.A. Barkley (Eds.), Child Psychopathology (2nd Ed., pp. 409–454). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Leyfer, O. T., Folstein, S. E., Bacalman, S., Davis, N. O., Dinh, E., Morgan, J., et al. (2006). Comorbid psychiatric disorders in children with autism: Interview development and rates of disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 849–861. doi: 10.1007/s10803-006-0123-0.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (2002). Autism diagnostic observation schedule: Manual. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
- Mullen, E. M. (1995). Mullen Scales of Early Learning. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.Google Scholar
- Rutter, M., LeCouteur, A. L., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
- Salvia, J. S., & Ysseldyke, J. E. (2001). Assessment (8th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
- Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (1994). Corrections to test statistics and standard errors in covariance structure analysis. In A. von Eye & C. C. Clogg (Eds.), Latent variable analysis: Applications to developmental research (pp. 399–419). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Sikora, D. M., Hall, T. A., Hartley, S. L., Gerrard-Morris, A. E., & Cagle, S. (2008). Does parent report of behavior differ across ADOS-G classifications: Analysis of scores from the CBCL and GARS. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 440–448. doi: 10.1007/s10803-007-0407-z.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sparrow, S. S., Balla, D. A., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1984). Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Interview Edition. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.Google Scholar
- Steiger, J. H., & Lind, J. M. (1980). Statistically based tests for the number of common factors. Paper presented at the meeting of the Psychometric Society, Iowa City, IA.Google Scholar