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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 9, pp 1767–1776 | Cite as

The Effectiveness of Parent–Child Interaction Therapy for Families of Children on the Autism Spectrum

  • Marjorie Solomon
  • Michele Ono
  • Susan Timmer
  • Beth Goodlin-Jones
Original Paper

Abstract

We report the results of a pilot trial of an evidence-based treatment—Parent–Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT; Eyberg et al. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 31(1), 83–91, 1995) for boys aged 5–12 with high functioning autism spectrum disorders and clinically significant behavioral problems. The study also included an investigation of the role of shared positive affect during the course of therapy on child and parent outcomes. The intervention group showed reductions in parent perceptions of child problem behaviors and child atypicality, as well as an increase in child adaptability. Shared positive affect in parent child dyads and parent positive affect increased between the initial and final phases of the therapy. Parent positive affect after the first phase was related to perceptions of improvement in problem behaviors and adaptive functioning.

Keywords

Autism Asperger Syndrome PDDNOS Intervention Problem behaviors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by a Children’s Miracle Network Grant from the U.C. Davis Medical Center to Drs. Solomon and Goodlin-Jones. The authors would like to acknowledge Drs. Dawn Blacker, Jean McGrath, Anthony Urquiza, Nancy Zebell, and Alicia Porter for their training in PCIT, and Drs. Robert Hendren and Sally Rogers for their helpful suggestions on drafts of this manuscript. We also would like to thank the families participating in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marjorie Solomon
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michele Ono
    • 1
    • 2
  • Susan Timmer
    • 3
    • 4
  • Beth Goodlin-Jones
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral SciencesUniversity of California, DavisSacramentoUSA
  2. 2.M.I.N.D. InstituteSacramentoUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsUniversity of California, DavisSacramentoUSA
  4. 4.CAARE CenterUniversity of California, DavisSacramentoUSA

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