The Effects of Improvisational Music Therapy on Joint Attention Behaviors in Autistic Children: A Randomized Controlled Study

Original Paper

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of improvisational music therapy on joint attention behaviors in pre-school children with autism. It was a randomized controlled study employing a single subject comparison design in two different conditions, improvisational music therapy and play sessions with toys, and using standardized tools and DVD analysis of sessions to evaluate behavioral changes in children with autism. The overall results indicated that improvisational music therapy was more effective at facilitating joint attention behaviors and non-verbal social communication skills in children than play. Session analysis showed significantly more and lengthier events of eye contact and turn-taking in improvisational music therapy than play sessions. The implications of these findings are discussed further.

Keywords

Improvisational music therapy Joint attention Play sessions with toys 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Arts TherapyJeonju UniversityJeonjuKorea
  3. 3.The Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre, Unifob HealthBergenNorway

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