Electronic Screen Media for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Results of a Survey
- 1.8k Downloads
Social and anecdotal reports suggest a predilection for visual media among individuals on the autism spectrum, yet no formal investigation has explored the extent of that use. Using a distributed questionnaire design, parents and caregivers report on time allotted toward media, including observable behaviors and communicative responses. More time was spent engaged with electronic screen media (ESM) than any other leisure activity. Television and movie viewing was more popular than computer usage. Across media platforms, animated programs were more highly preferred. Prevalent verbal and physical imitation was reported to occur during and following exposure to ESM. Clinical implications to strategically incorporate ESM into learning approaches for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are provided.
KeywordsAutism Autism spectrum disorders Media Video modeling Observational learning
We acknowledge the insightful comments by our reviewers and the graduate students who assisted in data collection. We also sincerely thank the families who participated in this project. This study was supported in part by the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) on Communication Enhancement and based on a grant from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), of the US Department of Education under Grant # H133E030018.
- Althaus, M., de Sonneville, L. M., Minderaa, R. B., Hensen, L. G., & Til, R. B. (1996). Information processing and aspects of visual attention in children with the DSM-III-R diagnosis “Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified” (PDDNOS): II. Sustained attention. Child Neuropsychology, 2(1), 17–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2006). Autism: How common are Autism Spectrum Disorders? [WWW page]. URL http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/asd_common.htm.
- Charlop-Christy, M. H., Carpenter, M., Le, L., LeBlanc, L. A., & Kellet, K. (2002). Using the picture exchange communication system (PECS) with children with autism: Assessment of pecs acquisition, speech, social-communicative behavior, and problem behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 35, 213–231.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Corbett, B. A. (2003). Video modeling: A window into the world of autism. The Behavior Analyst Today, 4(3), 367.Google Scholar
- Frost, L., & Bondy, A. S. (1994). PECS: The picture exchange communication system training manual. Cherry Hill: Pyramid Educational Consultants.Google Scholar
- Goossens’, C., Crain, S. S., & Elder, P. S. (1992). Engineering the preschool environment for interactive, symbolic communication. Birmingham: Southeast Augmentative Communication Conference Publications.Google Scholar
- Grandin, T. (1995). Thinking in pictures. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
- Kaiser Family Foundation. (2006). Population distribution by household employment status, states (2005–2006), U.S. [WWW page]. URL http://www.statehealthfacts.org/comparebar.jsp?ind=19&cat=1.
- Moore, M., & Calvert, S. (2000). Brief report: Vocabulary acquisition for children with austism: Teacher or computer instruction. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(4), 359–362.Google Scholar
- National Center for Education Statistics. (2005). Percentage of persons age 25 and over and 25 to 29, by race/ethnicity, years of school completed, and sex: Selected years, 1910 through 2005 [WWW page]. URL http://www.usgovinfo.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/XJ/Ya&sdn=usgovinfo&cdn=newsissues&tm=60&f=10&tt=14&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//nces.ed.gov/.
- National Institute on Media and the Family. (2005). MediaWise® Fact Sheet: Media Use [WWW page]. URL http://www.mediafamily.org/facts/facts_mediause.shtml.
- Norman, J. M., Collins, B. C., & Schuster, J. W. (2001). Using an instructional package including video technology to teach self-help skills to elementary students with mental disabilities. Journal of Special Education Technology, 16(3), 5–18.Google Scholar
- Quill, K. A. (1995). Teaching children with autism: strategies to enhance communication and socialization. New York: Delmar Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
- Raver, S. A., Cooke, T. P., & Apolloni, T. (1978). Developing nonretarded toddlers as verbal model for retarded classmates. Child Study Journal, 8, 1–8.Google Scholar
- Shane, H. C., & Simmons, M. (2001). The use of visual supports to enhance communication and improve problem behaviors. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, New Orleans, LA.Google Scholar
- Shane, H. C., & Douglas M. L. (2002). Investigation into the use of intelligent agents in children evidencing autism. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
- Shane, H. C., Sorce J., & Weiss-Kapp S. (2005). Video Technology for Language Instruction for Children with ASD. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San Diego, CA.Google Scholar
- Wetherby, A. M., & Prizant, B. M. (2000). Autism spectrum disorders. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar