The Autism Spectrum Quotient: Children’s Version (AQ-Child)
- 3k Downloads
The Autism Spectrum Quotient—Children’s Version (AQ-Child) is a parent-report questionnaire that aims to quantify autistic traits in children 4–11 years old. The range of scores on the AQ-Child is 0–150. It was administered to children with an autism spectrum condition (ASC) (n = 540) and a general population sample (n = 1,225). Results showed a significant difference in scores between those with an ASC diagnosis and the general population. Receiver-operating-characteristic analyses showed that using a cut-off score of 76, the AQ-Child has high sensitivity (95%) and specificity (95%). The AQ-Child showed good test–retest reliability and high internal consistency. Factor analysis provided support for four of the five AQ-Child design subscales. Future studies should evaluate how the AQ-C performs in population screening.
KeywordsAutism Spectrum Quotient—Children’s Version Autism Sex differences
This work was supported by the Nancy Lurie-Marks Family Foundation and the MRC, UK. Bonnie Auyeung was supported by a scholarship from Trinity College, Cambridge. We are grateful to the families who have taken part in this study over several years and to Rosa Hoekstra and Nigel Goldenfeld for valuable discussions.
- APA. (1994). DSM-IV diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5–17.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bishop, D. V. M., Maybery, M., Maley, A., Wong, D., Hill, W., & Hallmayer, J. (2004). Using self-report to identify the broad phenotype in parents of children with autistic spectrum disorders: A study using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1431–1436.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hoekstra, R., Bartels, M., Cath, D. C., & Boomsma, D. I. (submitted). Factor structure of the broader autism phenotype and its diagnostic validity: A study using the Dutch translation of the autism-spectrum quotient (AQ).Google Scholar
- ICD-10. (1994). International classification of diseases (10th ed.). Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
- Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
- Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (submitted). Defining the broader, medium and narrow autism phenotype in parents of children with autism.Google Scholar