Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 546–552 | Cite as

Medical Expenditures for Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Privately Insured Population

  • Tom T. Shimabukuro
  • Scott D. Grosse
  • Catherine Rice
Original Paper

Abstract

This study provides estimates of medical expenditures for a subset of children and adolescents who receive employer-based health insurance and have a medical diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Data analyzed were from the 2003 MarketScan® research databases. Individuals with an ASD had average medical expenditures that exceeded those without an ASD by $4,110–$6,200 per year. On average, medical expenditures for individuals with an ASD were 4.1–6.2 times greater than for those without an ASD. Differences in median expenditures ranged from $2,240 to $3,360 per year with median expenditures 8.4–9.5 times greater. These findings add to a growing body of evidence that children and adolescents with medical diagnoses of an ASD incur elevated medical utilization and costs.

Keywords

Autism Autism spectrum disorders Medical expenditures Incremental cost Cost ratio 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom T. Shimabukuro
    • 1
  • Scott D. Grosse
    • 2
  • Catherine Rice
    • 2
  1. 1.Health Services Research and Evaluation Branch, Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory DiseasesCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental DisabilitiesCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

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