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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 143–155 | Cite as

Beyond False Beliefs: The Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Perceptions of Children’s Theory of Mind Measure—Experimental Version (PCToMM-E)

  • Tiffany L. HutchinsEmail author
  • Laura A. Bonazinga
  • Patricia A. Prelock
  • Rebecca S. Taylor
Original Paper

Abstract

The Perceptions of Children’s Theory of Mind Measure (Experimental version; PCToMM-E) is an informant measure designed to tap children’s theory of mind competence. Study one evaluated the measure when completed by primary caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Scores demonstrated high test–retest reliability and correlated with verbal mental age and ToM task battery performance. No ceiling effects were observed. In addition, caregivers accurately predicted their children’s ToM task battery performance. In study two the scores of primary caregivers of typically developing children demonstrated high test–retest reliability and distinguished children on the basis of age and developmental status. Ceiling effects were not evident until late childhood. The utility of the PCToMM-E and directions for future research are discussed.

Keywords

Autism Theory of mind Assessment Children False belief 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Portions of this paper were presented at the annual conference of the American Speech, Language, and Hearing Association (November, 2006, Miami, FL). Data from study 2 were originally collected and analyzed by the second author as part of an undergraduate honor’s thesis.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tiffany L. Hutchins
    • 1
    Email author
  • Laura A. Bonazinga
    • 1
  • Patricia A. Prelock
    • 1
  • Rebecca S. Taylor
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Communication SciencesUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA

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