Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 73–85 | Cite as

Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Jennifer Richler
  • Somer L. Bishop
  • Jennifer R. Kleinke
  • Catherine Lord
Original Paper


Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) on the Autism Diagnostic Interview– Revised (ADI-R: Lord, Rutter, & Le Couteur (1994) were examined in 165 children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), 49 children with non-spectrum developmental disorders (DD), and 65 children with typical development (TD) at approximately 2 years of age. A factor analysis found evidence for a repetitive sensorimotor (RSM) factor and an insistence on sameness (IS) factor. Behaviors that loaded on the RSM factor were prevalent in children with ASD and significantly more common and severe than in children with DD or TD. On average, children with ASD had more RSM behaviors. Behaviors that loaded on the IS factor were relatively uncommon and did not differ in prevalence or severity across groups.


Restricted and repetitive behaviors Toddlers Early indicators 



This research was supported by grants from the National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (U19-HD 35482) to Catherine Lord and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (T32AA007477 predoctoral fellowship) to Somer Bishop. We thank the faculty and staff at the University of Chicago, University of North Carolina, and University of Michigan who assisted in collecting and preparing the data reported in this article, as well as the children and families who participated in the various research projects.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Richler
    • 1
  • Somer L. Bishop
    • 1
  • Jennifer R. Kleinke
    • 1
  • Catherine Lord
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Michigan Autism and Communication Disorders CenterAnn ArborUSA

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