Response to “Letter to the Editor: The Overlap Between Alexithymia and Asperger’s Syndrome”, Fitzgerald and Bellgrove, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(4)
- 399 Downloads
We read with interest the letter of Fitzgerald and Bellgrove outlining their views on the possibility of an overlap between Alexithymia and Asperger syndrome (Fitzgerald & Bellgrove, 2006). It is refreshing to see that others are noting a similarity between certain aspects of these two conditions. However, a number of relevant studies were not mentioned. Consequently we feel that it is important to provide information concerning direct studies of this topic, as well as of recent neuroimaging studies of alexithymia, in order to provide a broader, and more direct base of evidence with which to inform these discussions.
We have reported data from two studies investigating the presence of alexithymia-type symptoms in a group of high-functioning adults with ASD, many of whom had a specific diagnosis of Asperger syndrome. In the first of these studies, we assessed levels of alexithymia using the TAS-20 (Bagby, Parker, & Taylor, 1994; Bagby, Taylor, & Parker, 1994) in a group of...
KeywordsAutism Spectrum Disorder Anorexia Nervosa Emotion Regulation Asperger Syndrome Borderline Personality Disorder
- Bermond, B. (1997). Brain and Alexithymia. In A. Vingerhoets, F. Bussel, J., & Boelhouwer (Eds) The (non)Expression of emotions in health and disease (pp. 115–130). Tilburg University Press: Tilburg, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
- Berthoz, S., Artiges, E., Van de Moortele, P. F., Poline, J.-B., Rouquette, S., & Consoli, S. M., et al. (2002). Effect of impaired recognition and expression of emotions on frontocingulate cortices: an fMRI study of men with alexithymia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 961–967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bird, G., Silani, G., Brindley, R., Singer, T., Frith, C., & Frith, U. (2006). Alexithymia in autism spectrum disorders. Paper presented at the Human Brain Mapping, 11th–15th June, Florence, Italy.Google Scholar
- Gillberg, C., Råstam, M. (1992). Do some cases of anorexia nervosa reflect autistic-like conditions? Behavioural Neurology, 5, 27–32.Google Scholar
- Lane, R. D., Reiman, E., Axelrod, B., Lang-Sheng, Y., Holmes, A., Schwartz, G. E. (1998). Neural correlates of levels of emotional awareness. Evidence of an interaction between emotion and attention in the anterior cingulate cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 10, 525–535.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Moriguchi, Y., Ohnishi, T., Lane, R. D., Maeda, M., Mori, T., Nemoto, K., et al. (2006). Impaired self-awareness and theory of mind: an fMRI study of mentalizing in alexithymia. NeuroImage, 32(3), 1472–1482.Google Scholar
- Taylor, G. J. (1997). Eating disorders. In G. J. Taylor, R. M. Bagby, & J. D. A. Parker (Eds) Disorders of affect regulation: Alexithymia in medical and psychiatric illness (pp. 190–215). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar