Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 37, Issue 8, pp 1550–1561 | Cite as

Effects of Circumscribed Interests on the Social Behaviors of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Brian A. Boyd
  • Maureen A. Conroy
  • G. Richmond Mancil
  • Taketo Nakao
  • Peter J. Alter
Original Paper

Abstract

This study compared the effects of circumscribed interests (CI) to less preferred (LP) tangible stimuli on the social behaviors of three children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Based on single subject design methodology, the CI experimental sessions resulted in longer durations of target-child initiated social interactions in comparison to LP sessions. In addition, latency of participant’s initial social bids to peers was decreased when CI were present. The results suggest that embedding CI into dyadic play situations with typical peers can be used to increase the social behavior children with ASD direct toward typical peers. Future research should examine the specific environmental conditions that must be present in naturalistic settings to facilitate generalization of social behavior.

Keywords

Autism Circumscribed interests Pervasive developmental disorders Restricted interests Repetitive behaviors Structural analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian A. Boyd
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maureen A. Conroy
    • 1
  • G. Richmond Mancil
    • 1
  • Taketo Nakao
    • 1
  • Peter J. Alter
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Allied Health SciencesUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Department of Teaching and LearningUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA

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