Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 760–774

Hyperlexia in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Tina M. Newman
  • Donna Macomber
  • Adam J. Naples
  • Tammy Babitz
  • Fred Volkmar
  • Elena L. Grigorenko
Original Paper

Abstract

We compared the reading-related skills of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders who have hyperlexia (ASD + HPL) with age-matched children with ASD without HPL (ASD − HPL) and with single-word reading-matched typically developing children (TYP). Children with ASD + HPL performed (1) better than did children with ASD − HPL on tasks of single-word reading and pseudoword decoding and (2) equivalently well compared to word-reading-matched TYP children on all reading-related tasks except reading comprehension. It appears that the general underlying model of single-word reading is the same in principle for “typical” and hyperlexic reading. Yet, the study revealed some dissimilarities between these two types of reading when more fine-grained cognitive and linguistic abilities were considered; these dissimilarities warrant further investigations.

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Comprehension Hyperlexia Reading Single-word processing 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tina M. Newman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Donna Macomber
    • 1
  • Adam J. Naples
    • 1
  • Tammy Babitz
    • 2
  • Fred Volkmar
    • 2
  • Elena L. Grigorenko
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.PACE CenterNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Child Study Center, Medical SchoolYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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