Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 677–683

Superior Disembedding Performance of High-Functioning Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Their Parents: The Need for Subtle Measures

  • Maretha V. de Jonge
  • Chantal Kemner
  • Herman van Engeland
Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-006-0113-2

Cite this article as:
de Jonge, M.V., Kemner, C. & van Engeland, H. J Autism Dev Disord (2006) 36: 677. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0113-2

Abstract

We assessed the disembedding performance on the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) of high-functioning subjects with autism or autism spectrum disorders from multi-incidence families and the performance of their parents. The individuals with autism spectrum disorders were significantly faster than matched controls in locating the shape, but their parents were not faster than a control group of parents. However, both the individuals with autism spectrum disorders and their fathers made significantly fewer incorrect attempts before finding the right shape than matched controls. These results suggest that the number of incorrect attempts is a more subtle measure than accuracy or response time for assessing superior disembedding skills and therefore may be useful in the assessment of individuals with autism spectrum disorders.

Keywords

Autistic disorder Broader Phenotype Embedded Figures Test Parents Pervasive Developmental Disorder Weak Central Coherence 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maretha V. de Jonge
    • 1
  • Chantal Kemner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Herman van Engeland
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryUMC UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Biological Developmental PsychologyMaastricht UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands

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