Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 211–224 | Cite as

Effects of Low-Intensity Behavioral Treatment for Children with Autism and Mental Retardation

  • Sigmund EldevikEmail author
  • Svein Eikeseth
  • Erik Jahr
  • Tristram Smith


We retrospectively compared 2 groups of children receiving either behavioral treatment (n=13) or eclectic treatment (n=15) for an average of 12 hours per week. Children were assessed on intelligence, language, adaptive functioning and maladaptive behavior at pretreatment and 2 years into treatment. The groups did not differ significantly at pretreatment. After 2 years of treatment, the behavioral group made larger gains than the eclectic group in most areas. However, gains were more modest than those reported in previous studies with children receiving more intensive behavioral treatment, and it is questionable whether they were clinically significant.


Behavioral intervention eclectic treatment autism intensity 



This research was supported in part by grants from the Akershus University Hospital, the Helge Morset Fond, Norway; the Norwegian Research Institute for Children with Developmental Disabilities (NFBU); and the Norwegian Red Cross and Stiftelsen SOR. The authors would like to thank Dag Erik Eilertsen for his advice regarding design and in conducting the statistical analysis. Parts of this paper was presented at the 28th annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Toronto, Canada, May 2002, and at the inaugural Conference for the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disability, Dublin, Ireland, June 2002.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sigmund Eldevik
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Svein Eikeseth
    • 2
  • Erik Jahr
    • 1
  • Tristram Smith
    • 3
  1. 1.Akershus University HospitalNordbyhagenNorway
  2. 2.Akershus University College and Glenne CenterSandvikaNorway
  3. 3.University of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA
  4. 4.Department for Early Intervention (STI)Nordvoll School and Autism CenterOsloNorway

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