Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 169–183 | Cite as

The Cambridge Mindreading (CAM) Face-Voice Battery: Testing Complex Emotion Recognition in Adults with and without Asperger Syndrome

  • Ofer Golan
  • Simon Baron-Cohen
  • Jacqueline Hill


Adults with Asperger Syndrome (AS) can recognise simple emotions and pass basic theory of mind tasks, but have difficulties recognising more complex emotions and mental states. This study describes a new battery of tasks, testing recognition of 20 complex emotions and mental states from faces and voices. The battery was given to males and females with AS and matched controls. Results showed the AS group performed worse than controls overall, on emotion recognition from faces and voices and on 12/20 specific emotions. Females recognised faces better than males regardless of diagnosis, and males with AS had more difficulties recognising emotions from faces than from voices. The implications of these results are discussed in relation to social functioning in AS.


Emotion recognition complex emotions face perception voice perception theory of mind Asperger Syndrome autism spectrum psychometrics 



OG was supported by the Corob Charitable Trust, the Cambridge Overseas Trust and the National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR). SBC and JH were supported by the Shirley Foundation, Medical Research Council (MRC), and the Three Guineas Trust. We are grateful to our colleagues at Red Green and Blue Ltd, Autism West Midlands, Autism London, European Services for People with Autism (ESPA), and to Chris Ashwin, Sally Wheelwright, Yael Golan and Sarah Johnson.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ofer Golan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Simon Baron-Cohen
    • 1
  • Jacqueline Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryAutism Research Centre, Cambridge UniversityCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryAutism Research Centre, Cambridge UniversityCambridgeUK

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