Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 801–809

Bullies, Victims, and Antipathy: The Feeling is Mutual

  • Christopher A. Hafen
  • Brett Laursen
  • Jari-Eri Nurmi
  • Katariina Salmela-Aro


In this study we consider whether bullies and victims are disliked by most of their classmates, or whether antipathy is concentrated among the occupants of these roles. Antipathy nominations were collected from a community sample of 699 Finnish adolescents (14 to 17 years of age), who described their own bullying and victimization, as well as problem behaviors and school engagement. Victimization was associated with antipathy, but the strength of the association differed according to characteristics of the nominator. Victimization was related to antipathy when the nominator was high on bullying but not low. Similarly, bullying was related to antipathy when the nominator was high on victimization, but not low. The findings indicate that although bullies and victims have elevated mean levels of rejection, they are not disliked by most peers but rather by those who report themselves to be high on these attributes.


Bullying Victimization Antipathy Rejection 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher A. Hafen
    • 1
  • Brett Laursen
    • 2
  • Jari-Eri Nurmi
    • 3
  • Katariina Salmela-Aro
    • 4
  1. 1.Center for Advanced Study of Teaching and LearningUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Florida Atlantic UniversityBoca RatonUSA
  3. 3.University of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland
  4. 4.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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