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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 567–589 | Cite as

A Meta-analytic Review of Components Associated with Parent Training Program Effectiveness

  • Jennifer Wyatt KaminskiEmail author
  • Linda Anne Valle
  • Jill H. Filene
  • Cynthia L. Boyle
Article

Abstract

This component analysis used meta-analytic techniques to synthesize the results of 77 published evaluations of parent training programs (i.e., programs that included the active acquisition of parenting skills) to enhance behavior and adjustment in children aged 0–7. Characteristics of program content and delivery method were used to predict effect sizes on measures of parenting behaviors and children’s externalizing behavior. After controlling for differences attributable to research design, program components consistently associated with larger effects included increasing positive parent–child interactions and emotional communication skills, teaching parents to use time out and the importance of parenting consistency, and requiring parents to practice new skills with their children during parent training sessions. Program components consistently associated with smaller effects included teaching parents problem solving; teaching parents to promote children’s cognitive, academic, or social skills; and providing other, additional services. The results have implications for selection and strengthening of existing parent training programs.

Keywords

Parent training Meta-analysis Child behavior problems Component analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Wyatt Kaminski
    • 1
    Email author
  • Linda Anne Valle
    • 1
  • Jill H. Filene
    • 2
  • Cynthia L. Boyle
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and ControlCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.James Bell AssociatesArlingtonUSA
  3. 3.University of KansasAtlantaUSA

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