Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 633–645 | Cite as

Relationships Between Parental Negativity and Childhood Antisocial Behavior over Time: A Bidirectional Effects Model in a Longitudinal Genetically Informative Design

  • Henrik Larsson
  • Essi Viding
  • Fruhling V. Rijsdijk
  • Robert Plomin
Article

Abstract

This study examined the direction and etiology underlying the relationships between parental negativity and early childhood antisocial behavior using a bidirectional effects model in a longitudinal genetically informative design. We analyzed parent reports of parental negativity and early childhood antisocial behavior in 6,230 pairs of twins at 4 and 7 years of age. Results from a cross-lagged twin model contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms underlying the bidirectional processes involved in parental negativity and childhood antisocial behavior. Specifically, the findings of this study suggest that the association between parenting and child antisocial behavior is best explained by both parent-driven and child-driven effects. We found support for the notion that parent’s negative feelings towards their children environmentally mediate the risk for child antisocial behavior. We also found evidence of genetically mediated child effects; in which genetically influenced antisocial behavior evoke parental negativity towards the child.

Keywords

Parenting Antisocial behavior Twins Longitudinal Genetics 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henrik Larsson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Essi Viding
    • 3
    • 4
  • Fruhling V. Rijsdijk
    • 3
  • Robert Plomin
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medical Epidemiology and BiostatisticsKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Woman and Child HealthKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of PsychiatryLondonUK
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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