Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 97–110

Examining Subtypes of Behavior Problems Among 3-Year-Old Children, Part I: Investigating Validity of Subtypes and Biological Risk-Factors

  • Elizabeth A. Harvey
  • Julie L. Friedman-Weieneth
  • Lauren H. Goldstein
  • Alison H. Sherman
Original Paper

Abstract

This study examined 3-year-old children who were classified as hyperactive (HYP), oppositional-defiant (OD), hyperactive and oppositional defiant (HYP/OD), and non-problem based on mothers’ reports of behavior. Using fathers,’ teachers,’ and observers’ ratings of children's behavior, concurrent validity was excellent for the HYP/OD group, moderate for the HYP group, and poor for the OD group. As predicted, both the HYP/OD and HYP groups reported more prenatal/perinatal birth complications and a greater family history of hyperactivity than did non-problem children. Furthermore, the HYP/OD group showed a greater family history of conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms than did non-problem children; however, the HYP group also showed a greater family history of ODD than did non-problem children. Results suggest that as early as age 3, these behavior subtypes appear to be linked to biologically-based risk-factors in ways that are consistent with theories of the development of ADHD.

Keywords

Hyperactivity Oppositional defiance Comorbidity Preschool-aged children 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth A. Harvey
    • 1
    • 2
  • Julie L. Friedman-Weieneth
    • 2
  • Lauren H. Goldstein
    • 2
  • Alison H. Sherman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA

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