Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 125–136 | Cite as

Examining Subtypes of Behavior Problems Among 3-Year-Old Children, Part III: Investigating Differences in Parenting Practices and Parenting Stress

  • Lauren H. Goldstein
  • Elizabeth A. Harvey
  • Julie L. Friedman-Weieneth
Original Paper


This study examined parenting of mothers and fathers of 3-year-old children who were classified as hyperactive (HYP), hyperactive and oppositional defiant (HYP/OD), and non-problem based on mothers' reports of behavior. Parents of children with HYP/OD were less warm, showed more negative affect, and more laxness than parents of non-problem children; however, contrary to prediction, they did not differ significantly from parents of children in the HYP group. Compared to mothers of non-problem children, mothers of children in the HYP/OD group reported significantly more parenting stress across all domains, whereas mothers of children in the HYP group only reported elevated levels of stress associated with having a difficult child. Theoretical and treatment implications are discussed.


Hyperactivity Oppositional defiance Preschool-aged children Parenting practices 



This study was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grant R01MH60132. These data were presented at the Society for Research on Child Development in April, 2003, in Tampa, FL. We are grateful to the families who participated in this study and to staff from physicians' offices and community centers who assisted in recruiting families. Thanks also to the many graduate and undergraduate research assistants who assisted with data collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lauren H. Goldstein
    • 1
  • Elizabeth A. Harvey
    • 1
  • Julie L. Friedman-Weieneth
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA

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