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Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 311–329 | Cite as

The Topology of the Coloring Complex

  • Jakob JonssonEmail author
Article

Abstract

In a recent paper, E. Steingrímsson associated to each simple graph G a simplicial complex Δ G , referred to as the coloring complex of G. Certain nonfaces of Δ G correspond in a natural manner to proper colorings of G. Indeed, the h-vector is an affine transformation of the chromatic polynomial χ G of G, and the reduced Euler characteristic is, up to sign, equal to |χ G (−1)|−1. We show that Δ G is constructible and hence Cohen-Macaulay. Moreover, we introduce two subcomplexes of the coloring complex, referred to as polar coloring complexes. The h-vectors of these complexes are again affine transformations of χ G , and their Euler characteristics coincide with χ′ G (0) and −χ′ G (1), respectively. We show for a large class of graphs—including all connected graphs—that polar coloring complexes are constructible. Finally, the coloring complex and its polar subcomplexes being Cohen-Macaulay allows for topological interpretations of certain positivity results about the chromatic polynomial due to N. Linial and I. M. Gessel.

Key words

topological combinatorics constructible complex Cohen-Macaulay complex chromatic polynomial 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsKTHStockholmSweden

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