Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 48, Issue 8, pp 911–921 | Cite as

Experimental characterization of high-temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells under CO- and methane-containing hydrogen-rich gases

  • Chen-Yu Chen
  • Keng-Pin Huang
Research Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Fuel cells


The objective of this work is to study a high-temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell using CO- and methane-containing hydrogen-rich gases because of the advantages of high operating temperature and the growing feasibility of using natural gases or methane as the sources of hydrogen-rich reformate gases. According to the experimental results, it is suggested that the fuel cell be operated at 180 °C under reformate gases with high CO concentrations to avoid not only a significant decrease in performance, but also severe potential oscillations. In addition, the anode oxidation reaction is more sensitive to the temperature than the cathode reduction reaction under CO-containing H2. On the other hand, the effects of methane in the reformate gas on the fuel cell can be ignored because the existence of methane causes neither a decrease in the cell performance nor an increase in the anodic charge transfer resistance. Thus, the CO concentration and operating temperature are still the two dominant parameters with regard to the cell performance under CO- and methane-containing hydrogen-rich gases.

Graphical Abstract


High-temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell Hydrogen-rich gas Performance test Voltage oscillation 



This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan under contract MOST 106-2221-E-034-016. We thus appreciate the financial assistance provided by MOST.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringChinese Culture UniversityTaipeiTaiwan, R.O.C.
  2. 2.Institute of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan, R.O.C.

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