Advertisement

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 45, Issue 8, pp 821–829 | Cite as

Capacity recovery of aluminium–air battery by refilling salty water with cell structure modification

  • Ryohei Mori
Research Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Batteries

Abstract

By modifying the aluminium–air battery structure with placing layers of activated carbon between an aqueous NaCl electrolyte and both an aluminium anode and an air cathode, capacity recovery was observed. When the NaCl aqueous electrolyte was refilled after electrolyte evaporation, a repeatable cell capacity was obtained. It was suggested that repeatable cell capacity was obtained because by products deposited on carbon internal layer, instead of depositing on the electrodes directly. One also deducted that the large discharge current with the large cell capacity was obtained by synergetic effect of the capacitor (large electric current) and the aluminium–air battery (large cell capacity). The results suggested that aluminium-associated ions as well as sodium-associated ions may participate in the relevant electrochemical reactions.

Keywords

Aluminium–air battery Rechargeable battery Salty water battery Electricity generation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author wishes to express thanks to Dr. Sadayoshi Mori and Mr. Kazuo Sakai for helpful discussions.

References

  1. 1.
    Gallant B et al (2013) Influence of Li2O2 morphology on oxygen reduction and evolution kinetics in Li–O2 batteries. Energy Environ Sci 6:2518–2528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Orikasa Y et al (2014) High energy density rechargeable magnesium battery using earth-abundant and non-toxic elements. Sci Rep 4:5622–5627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang X et al (2014) An aqueous rechargeable lithium battery using coated Li metal as anode. Sci Rep 3:1401–1405Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Manke I et al (2007) In situ investigation of the discharge of alkaline Zn–MnO2 batteries with synchrotron X-ray and neutron tomographies. Appl Phys Lett 90:214102–214104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Qu Q et al (2008) Study on electrochemical performance of activated carbon in aqueous Li2SO4, Na2SO4 and K2SO4 electrolytes. Electrochem Commun 10:1652–1655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Park Y et al (2013) A new high-energy cathode for a Na–Ion battery with ultrahigh stability. J Am Chem Soc 135:13870–13878CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li Q, Bjerrum N (2002) Aluminum as anode for energy storage and conversion. J Power Sources 110:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ma J, Wen J, Gao J, Li Q (2014) Performance of Al0.5 Mg0.02 Ga0.1 Sn0.5 Mn as anode for Al air battery in NaCl solutions. J Power Sources 253:419–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Doche M, Novel-Cattin F, Durand R, Rameau J (1997) Characterization of different grades of aluminum anodes for aluminum/air batteries. J Power Sources 65:197–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Egan D, Ponce de León C, Wood R, Jones R, Stokes K, Walsh F (2013) Developments in electrode materials and electrolytes for aluminium–air batteries. J Power Sources 236:293–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Patnaik R et al (1994) Heat management in aluminium/air batteries: sources of heat. J Power Sources 50:331–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rudd E, Gbbons W (1994) High energy density aluminum/oxygen cell. J Power Sources 47:329–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Abedin S, Saleh A (2004) Characterization of some aluminium alloys for application as anodes in alkaline batteries. J Appl Electrochem 34:331–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Krishnan M, Subramanyan N (1997) The influence of some aldehydes on the corrosion and anodic behaviour of aluminium in sodium hydroxide solution. Corros Sci 17:893–900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Paramasivam M, Iyer S (2001) Influence of alloying additives on corrosion and hydrogen permeation through commercial aluminium in alkaline solution. J Appl Electrochem 31:115–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Macdonald D, English C (1990) Development of anodes for aluminium/air batteries—solution phase inhibition of corrosion. J Appl Electrochem 20:405–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shao H et al (2002) The cooperative effect of calcium ions and tartrate ions on the corrosion inhibition of pure aluminum in an alkaline solution. Mater Chem Phy 77:305–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ein-Eli Y, Auinat M, Starrosvetsky D (2003) Electrochemical and surface studies of zinc in alkaline solutions containing organic corrosion inhibitors. J Power Sources 114:330–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Maayta A, Al-Rawashdeh N (2004) Inhibition of acidic corrosion of pure aluminum by some organic compounds. Corros Sci 46:1129–1140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mukherjee A, Basumallick I (1996) Complex behaviour of aluminium dissolution in alkaline aqueous 2-propanol solution. J Power Sources 58:183–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Licht S, Tel-Vered G, Yarnitzky C (2000) Solution activators of aluminum electrochemistry in organic media. J Electrochem Soc 2:496–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Su C, Hsieh Y, Chen C, Sun I (2013) Electrodeposition of aluminum wires from the Lewis acidic AlCl3/trimethylamine hydrochloride ionic liquid without using a template. Electrochem Commun 34:170–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hibino T, Kobayashi K, Nagao M (2013) An all-solid-state rechargeable aluminum–air battery with a hydroxide ion-conducting Sb(V)-doped SnP2O7 electrolyte. J Mater Chem A 1:14844–14848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mori R (2013) A new structured aluminium–air secondary battery with a ceramic aluminium ion conductor. RSC Adv 3:11547–11551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mori R (2014) A novel aluminium–air secondary battery with long-term stability. RSC Adv 4:1982–1987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kobayashi Y et al (1997) Trivalent Al3+ ion conduction in aluminum tungstate solid. Chem Mater 9:1649–1654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mori R (2014) A novel aluminium–air rechargeable battery with Al2O3 as the buffer to suppress byproduct accumulation directly onto an aluminium anode and air cathode. RSC Adv 4:30346–30351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mori R (2015) Addition of ceramic barriers to aluminum-air batteries to suppress by-product formation on electrodes. J Electrochem Soc 162:A188–A194Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kalluri R, Konatham D, Striolo A (2011) Aqueous NaCl solutions within charged carbon-slit pores: partition coefficients and density distributions from molecular dynamics simulations. J Phys Chem C 115:13786–13795CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kalluri R et al (2013) Partition and structure of aqueous NaCl and CaCl2 electrolytes in carbon-slit electrodes. J Phys Chem C 117:13609–13619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Yoshioka H et al (2014) Fabrication of apatite-type lanthanum silicate films and anode supported solid oxide fuel cells using nano-sized printable paste. J Eur Ceram Soc 34:373–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Frackowiak E, Beguin F (2001) Carbon materials for the electrochemical storage of energy in capacitors. Carbon 39:937–950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mori R et al (2011) Organic solvent based TiO2 dispersion paste for dye-sensitized solar cells prepared by industrial production level procedure. J Mater Sci 46:1341–1350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cheekatia L, Xing Y, Zhuang Y, Huang H (2011) Lithium storage characteristics for nano graphene plates. Mate Chall Altern Renew Energy 224:117–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wang G, Shen X, Yao J, Park J (2009) Graphene nanosheets for enhanced lithium storage in lithium ion batteries. Carbon 47:2049–2053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Dahn J, Zheng T, Liu Y, Xue J (1995) Mechanism for lithium insertion in carbon aceous materials. Science 270:590–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Liu Y, Xue J, Zheng T, Dahn J (1996) Mechanism of lithium insertion in hard carbons prepared by pyrolysis of epoxy resins. Carbon 34:193–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Tachikawa H, Shimizu A (2005) Diffusion dynamics of the li atom on amorphous carbon: a direct molecular orbital-molecular dynamics study. J Phys Chem B 110:20445–20450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Tarascon J, Armand M (2001) Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries. Nature 414:359–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Marquez A, Vargas A, Balbuena P (1998) Computational studies of lithium intercalation in model graphite in the presence of tetrahydrofuran. J Electrochem Soc 145:3328–3334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Nakadaira M et al (1997) Excess Li ions in as mall graphite cluster. J Mater Res 12:1367–1375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Fujita M, Wakabayashi K, Nakada K, Kusakabe K (1996) Peculiar localized state at zigzag graphite edge. J Phys Soc Jpn 65:1920–1923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Wen Y et al (2014) Expanded graphite as superior anode for sodium–ion batteries. Nat Commun 5:4033Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fuji Pigment Co. Ltd.KawanishiJapan

Personalised recommendations