Field emission properties of Cu/multiwalled carbon nanotube composite films fabricated by an electrodeposition technique
Composite films of Cu and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were fabricated by an electrodeposition technique, and their field emission properties were examined. Commercially available MWCNTs with various diameters (60–150 nm) were used. The microstructure of the composite films was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and the field emission properties were measured using a diode-type system. Cu/MWCNT composite films with homogeneous dispersion of MWCNTs were fabricated using each type of MWCNT. Bare MWCNTs were present on the surface of the composite films and the ends of the protruding tips were fixed by the deposited copper matrix. The composite films produced clear emission currents and the corresponding Fowler–Nordheim (F–N) plots showed that these were field emission currents. The turn-on electric field tended to decrease with decreasing MWCNT diameter. A light-emitting device incorporating the Cu/MWCNT composite film as a field emitter was fabricated, and its light-emitting properties were investigated. Light emission with a brightness of around 100 cd m−2 was observed for approximately 100 h.
KeywordsCu Carbon nanotube Composite Electrodeposition Field emission
This research was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) and the Regional Innovation Cluster Program of Nagano, granted by MEXT, Japan.
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