Citrate-based zinc–polyaniline secondary cell: part I: optimization of the citrate/chloride electrolyte

  • B. Z. Jugović
  • T. Lj. Trišović
  • J. S. Stevanović
  • M. M. Gvozdenović
  • B. N. GrgurEmail author
Original Paper


Electrochemical behavior of zinc and thin polyaniline (PANI) electrodes in citrate/chloride-contained electrolyte has been investigated by the means of electrolyte composition optimization. Electrolyte contained 0.8 M sodium citrate, 0.3 M ammonium chloride, and ~0.3 M zinc chloride has been found to be an optimum electrolyte for the further applications in the real zinc–polyaniline citrate/chloride-based secondary cell.


Polyaniline Zinc Batteries Citrate Chloride 



This study is financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection, Republic of Serbia, contract No. 142044.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Z. Jugović
    • 1
  • T. Lj. Trišović
    • 1
  • J. S. Stevanović
    • 2
  • M. M. Gvozdenović
    • 3
  • B. N. Grgur
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Technical ScienceSerbian Academy of Science and ArtsBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.ICTM, Institute of ElectrochemistryBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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