G. Inzelt: Conducting Polymers
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Intrinsically conducting polymers have been around for quite a while. In 1834, Runge reported a black substance obtained by treating aniline with oxidizing compounds. Fritzsche provided a more detailed description of this material as an oxidation product of aniline in 1840. Electrooxidation of aniline was first performed by Letheby in 1862; some improvement of the description (the product was actually an oligomer) was provided 1876 by Goppelsroeder. In 1909, Willstätter and Dorogi provided for the first time the now well-known picture of an aniline chain with head-to-tail coupling (in the para-position of the benzene ring), confirmed 1910 by Green and Woodhead.
The detailed properties of intrinsically conducting polymers have been obtained more recently, starting with a seminal report from the electrochemists1 point of view by Diaz and Logan in 1980.2Recognition in terms of a Nobel Prize finally arrived in 2000. Thus it appears appropriate to review the state of our knowledge by an...