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Electro-reduction of carbon dioxide to formate on lead electrode in aqueous medium

Abstract

The electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide on a lead electrode was studied in aqueous medium. Preliminary investigations carried out by cyclic voltammetry were used to determine the optimized conditions of electrolysis. They revealed that the CO2 reduction process was enhanced at a pH value of 8.6 for the cathodic solution i.e. when the predominant form of CO2 was hydrogenocarbonate ion. Long-term electrolysis was carried out using both potentiometry and amperometry methods in a filter-press cell in which the two compartments were separated by a cation-exchange membrane (Nafion® 423). Formate was detected and quantified by chromatography as the exclusive organic compound produced with a high Faradaic yield (from 65% to 90%). This study also revealed that the operating temperature played a key role in the hydrogenation reaction of carbon dioxide into formate in aqueous medium.

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Correspondence to K. B. Kokoh.

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Innocent, B., Liaigre, D., Pasquier, D. et al. Electro-reduction of carbon dioxide to formate on lead electrode in aqueous medium. J Appl Electrochem 39, 227 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10800-008-9658-4

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Keywords

  • Pb electrode
  • CO2
  • Formate
  • Electro-reduction
  • Aqueous medium